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Dies bringt jedoch den ein oder anderen negativen Effekt mit sich: The first British Nobel Prize was awarded in to Ronald Ross , professor at the School of Tropical Medicine, the first school of its kind in the world.
The world's first integrated sewer system was constructed in Liverpool by James Newlands , appointedin as the UK's first borough engineer.
The Western world's first financial derivatives cotton futures were traded on the Liverpool Cotton Exchange in the late s.
In the arts, Liverpool was home to the first lending library , athenaeum society , arts centre  and public art conservation centre.
In , Peter Ellis built the world's first iron-framed, curtain-walled office building, Oriel Chambers , the prototype of the skyscraper. The UK's first purpose-built department store was Compton House, completed in for the retailer J.
Jeffrey;  it was the largest store in the world at the time. Between and , Liverpool held an annual Grand Olympic Festival.
Devised by John Hulley and Charles Melly, these games were the first to be wholly amateur in nature and international in outlook.
Its articles of foundation provided the framework for the International Olympic Charter. The Mersey Railway , opened in , incorporated the world's first tunnel under a tidal estuary  and the world's first deep-level underground stations.
In , borough engineer John Alexander Brodie invented the football goal -net. He also was a pioneer in the use of pre-fabricated housing.
Brodie oversaw the construction of the UK's first ring road , the UK's first intercity highway , as well as the Queensway Tunnel linking Liverpool and Birkenhead.
Described as "the eighth wonder of the world" at the time of its construction, it was the longest underwater tunnel in the world, a title it held for 24 years.
The Overhead Railway was the first railway in the world to use electric multiple units , the first to employ automatic signalling, and the first to install an escalator.
Liverpool inventor Frank Hornby was a visionary in toy development and manufacture; he produced three of the most popular lines of toys in the 20th century: The British Interplanetary Society , founded in Liverpool in by Phillip Ellaby Cleator, is the world's oldest existing organisation devoted to the promotion of spaceflight.
Its journal is the longest-running astronautical publication in the world. In , Liverpool was the first city outside the capital to be awarded blue plaques by English Heritage in recognition of the "significant contribution made by its sons and daughters in all walks of life.
Liverpool is officially governed by a Unitary Authority , as when Merseyside County Council was disbanded civic functions were returned to a district borough level.
However several services such as the Police and Fire and Rescue Service , continue to be run at a county-wide level.
The City of Liverpool is governed by the Directly elected mayor of Liverpool and Liverpool City Council , and is one of six metropolitan boroughs that combine to make up the Liverpool City Region.
The Mayor is elected by the citizens of Liverpool every four years and is responsible for the day-to-day running of the council.
The council's 90 elected councillors who represent local communities throughout the city, are responsible for scrutinising the Mayor's decisions, setting the Budget, and policy framework of the city.
The Mayor's responsibility is to be a powerful voice for the city both nationally and internationally, to lead, build investor confidence, and to direct resources to economic priorities.
Discussions include pressing decision makers in the government on local issues as well as building relationships with the other Directly elected mayors in England and Wales.
The city of Liverpool effectively has two Mayors. As well as the directly elected Mayor, there is the ceremonial 'Lord Mayor' or civic Mayor who is elected by the full city council at its annual general meeting in May, and stands for one year in office.
The Lord Mayor acts as the 'first citizen' of Liverpool and is responsible for promoting the city, supporting local charities and community groups as well as representing the city at civic events.
For local elections the city is split into 30 local council wards,  which in alphabetical order are:. During the most recent local elections, held in May , the Labour Party consolidated its control of Liverpool City Council, following on from regaining power for the first time in 12 years, during the previous elections in May Of the remaining seats the Liberal Party won three and the Green Party claimed two.
In February , Liverpool City Council was reported to be the worst-performing council in the country, receiving just a one star rating classified as inadequate.
While Liverpool through most of the 19th and early 20th Century was a municipal stronghold of Toryism, support for the Conservative Party recently has been among the lowest in any part of Britain, particularly since the monetarist economic policies of prime minister Margaret Thatcher after her general election victory contributed to high unemployment in the city which did not begin to fall for many years.
The City of Liverpool is one of the six constituent local government districts of the Liverpool City Region. Since 1 April , some of the city's responsibilities have been pooled with neighbouring authorities within the metropolitan area and subsumed into the Liverpool City Region Combined Authority.
The combined authority has effectively become the top-tier administrative body for the local governance of the city region and The Mayor of Liverpool, along with the five other leaders from neighbouring local government districts, take strategic decisions over economic development, transport, employment and skills, tourism, culture, housing and physical infrastructure.
As of July , negotiations are currently taking place between the UK national government and the combined authority over a possible devolution deal to confer greater powers on the region.
Liverpool has four parliamentary constituencies entirely within the city, through which members of parliament MPs are elected to represent the city in Westminster: Due to boundary changes prior to the election, the Liverpool Garston constituency was merged with most of Knowsley South to form the Garston and Halewood cross-boundary seat.
At the most recent election this seat was won by Maria Eagle of the Labour Party. Liverpool has been described as having "the most splendid setting of any English city.
Liverpool experiences a temperate maritime climate , like much of the British Isles, with relatively mild summers and cool winters. More recently, the Met Office has operated a weather station at Crosby.
Although Liverpool has a mild climate for its northerly latitude, it is far cooler than the London area during summer days, both as a result of being farther north and due to being exposed to maritime air from its west.
The highest temperature recorded at the Bidston Observatory was For the period of , the warmest day of the year should reach an average of On average, Crosby records Liverpool is a core urban element of a green belt region that extends into the wider surrounding counties, which is in place to reduce urban sprawl , prevent the towns in the conurbation from further convergence, protect the identity of outlying communities, encourage brownfield reuse, and preserve nearby countryside.
This is achieved by restricting inappropriate development within the designated areas, and imposing stricter conditions on permitted building.
Due to being already highly built up, the city contains limited portions of protected green belt area within greenfield throughout the borough, at Fazakerley, Croxteth Hall and country park and Craven Wood, Woodfields Park and nearby golf courses in Netherley, small greenfield tracts east of the Speke area by the St Ambrose primary school, and the small hamlet of Oglet and surrounding area south of Liverpool Airport.
The green belt was first drawn up in under Merseyside County Council  and the size in the city amounts to hectares 5.
At the UK Census the recorded population of Liverpool was ,, a 6. Much of the population loss was as a result of large-scale resettlement programmes to nearby areas introduced in the aftermath of the Second World War, with towns such as Kirkby , Skelmersdale and Runcorn seeing a corresponding rise in their populations Kirkby being the fastest growing town in Britain during the s.
Liverpool's population is younger than that of England as a whole, with Liverpool is the largest local authority by populace, GDP and area in Merseyside.
Liverpool and is typically grouped with the wider Merseyside area for the purpose of defining its metropolitan footprint, and there are several methodologies.
The population of this area was 1,, based on estimates. The contiguous built-up area extends beyond the area administered by Liverpool City Council into adjoining local authority areas, particularly parts of Sefton and Knowsley.
The " Liverpool City Region " is an economic partnership between local authorities in Merseyside under the umbrella of the Liverpool City Region Combined Authority as defined by the Mersey Partnership.
The area covers Merseyside and the Borough of Halton and has an estimated population between 1,, and 2,, and.
The analysis grouped the Merseyside metropolitan county with the borough of Halton , Wigan in Greater Manchester, the city of Chester as well as number of towns in Lancashire and Cheshire including Ormskirk and Warrington , estimating the polynuclear metropolitan area to have a population of 2,, people.
Liverpool and Manchester are sometimes considered as one large polynuclear metropolitan area,    or megalopolis.
According to data from the census, Liverpool is home to Britain's oldest Black community, dating to at least the s.
Some Black Liverpudlians can trace their ancestors in the city back ten generations. The city is home to the oldest Chinese community in Europe; the first residents of the city's Chinatown arrived as seamen in the 19th century.
Liverpool also has a long-standing Filipino community. Lita Roza , a singer from Liverpool who was the first woman to achieve a UK number one hit, had Filipino ancestry.
The city is also known for its large Irish population and its historically large Welsh population. Other contemporary ethnicities include Indian ,  Latin American ,  Malaysian ,  and Yemeni.
The thousands of migrants and sailors passing through Liverpool resulted in a religious diversity that is still apparent today. This is reflected in the equally diverse collection of religious buildings,  including two Christian cathedrals.
Liverpool is known to be England's 'most Catholic city', with a Catholic population much larger than in other parts of England. The parish church of Liverpool is the Anglican Our Lady and St Nicholas , colloquially known as "the sailors church", which has existed near the waterfront since It regularly plays host to Catholic masses.
Liverpool's wealth as a port city enabled the construction of two enormous cathedrals in the 20th century. The Anglican Cathedral , which was designed by Sir Giles Gilbert Scott and plays host to the annual Liverpool Shakespeare Festival , has one of the longest naves , largest organs and heaviest and highest peals of bells in the world.
Of Sir Edwin Lutyens ' original design, only the crypt was completed. The cathedral was eventually built to a simpler design by Sir Frederick Gibberd.
While this is on a smaller scale than Lutyens' original design it still incorporates the largest panel of stained glass in the world. The road running between the two cathedrals is called Hope Street , a coincidence which pleases believers.
The cathedral is colloquially referred to as "Paddy's Wigwam" due to its shape. Liverpool contains several synagogues, of which the Grade I listed Moorish Revival Princes Road Synagogue is architecturally the most notable.
Princes Road is widely considered to be the most magnificent of Britain's Moorish Revival synagogues and one of the finest buildings in Liverpool.
A third orthodox Synagogue in the Greenbank Park area of L17 has recently closed, and is a listed s structure.
There is also a Lubavitch Chabad House and a reform Synagogue. Liverpool has had a Jewish community since the midth century. The Jewish population of Liverpool is around 5, The third mosque was also recently opened in Toxteth and is on Granby Street.
Natives of the city of Liverpool are referred to as Liverpudlians, and colloquially as "Scousers", a reference to " scouse ", a form of stew.
Many people "self-identify" as Liverpudlians or Scousers without actually being born or living within the city boundaries of Liverpool.
The Economy of Liverpool is one of the largest within the United Kingdom, sitting at the centre of one of the two core economies within the North West of England.
In common with much of the rest of the UK today, Liverpool's economy is dominated by service sector industries , both public and private.
Another important component of Liverpool's economy are the tourism and leisure sectors. Liverpool is the 6th most visited city in the United Kingdom  and one of the most visited cities in the world by international tourists.
Historically, the economy of Liverpool was centred on the city's port and manufacturing base, although a smaller proportion of total employment is today derived from the port.
Car manufacturing also takes place in the city at the Jaguar Land Rover Halewood plant where the Range Rover Evoque model is assembled.
Liverpool's history means that there are a considerable variety of architectural styles found within the city, ranging from 16th century Tudor buildings to modern-day contemporary architecture.
Known as the Liverpool Maritime Mercantile City , the sites were added in recognition of the city's role in the development of international trade and docking technology.
As a major British port, the docks in Liverpool have historically been central to the city's development.
Several major docking firsts have occurred in the city including the construction of the world's first enclosed wet dock the Old Dock in and the first ever hydraulic lifting cranes.
North of the city centre is Stanley Dock , home to the Stanley Dock Tobacco Warehouse , which was at the time of its construction in , the world's largest building in terms of area  and today stands as the world's largest brick-work building.
One of the most famous locations in Liverpool is the Pier Head , renowned for the trio of buildings — the Royal Liver Building , the Cunard Building and the Port of Liverpool Building — which sit upon it.
Collectively referred to as the Three Graces , these buildings stand as a testament to the great wealth in the city during the late 19th and early 20th century.
Built in a variety of architectural styles, they are recognised as being the symbol of Maritime Liverpool, and are regarded by many as contributing to one of the most impressive waterfronts in the world.
In recent years, several areas along Liverpool's waterfront have undergone significant redevelopment. The Wheel of Liverpool opened on 25 March However, plans to redevelop parts of the Liverpool have been marred by controversy.
Though heavily advertised in Liverpool, Hong Kong and Chinese cities with glossy advertisements and videos, the "New Chinatown" development failed to materialise.
Liverpool's historic position as one of the most important trading ports in the world has meant that over time many grand buildings have been constructed in the city as headquarters for shipping firms, insurance companies, banks and other large firms.
The great wealth this brought, then allowed for the development of grand civic buildings, which were designed to allow the local administrators to 'run the city with pride'.
The commercial district is centred on the Castle Street, Dale Street and Old Hall Street areas of the city, with many of the area's roads still following their medieval layout.
Having developed over a period of three centuries the area is regarded as one of the most important architectural locations in the city, as recognised by its inclusion in Liverpool's World Heritage site.
The oldest building in the area is the Grade I listed Liverpool Town Hall , which is located at the top of Castle Street and dates from Often regarded as the city's finest piece of Georgian architecture , the building is noted as one of the most extravagantly decorated civic buildings anywhere in Britain.
The area is dominated by neo-classical architecture , of which the most prominent, St George's Hall ,  is widely regarded as the best example of a neo-classical building anywhere in Europe.
William Brown Street is also home to numerous public monuments and sculptures, including Wellington's Column and the Steble Fountain.
Many others are located around the area, particularly in St John's Gardens , which was specifically developed for this purpose. While the majority of Liverpool's architecture dates from the midth century onwards, there are several buildings that pre-date this time.
One of the oldest surviving buildings is Speke Hall , a Tudor manor house located in the south of the city, which was completed in Constructed in British Queen Anne style,   the building was influenced in part by the work of Christopher Wren  and was originally the home of the Bluecoat School who later moved to larger site in the south of the city.
Since it has acted as a centre for arts in Liverpool. Liverpool is noted for having two Cathedrals, each of which imposes over the landscape around it.
Designed and built in Gothic style , it is regarded as one of the greatest buildings to have been constructed during the 20th century  and was described by former British Poet Laureate , John Betjeman , as 'one of the great buildings of the world'.
In recent years, many parts of Liverpool's city centre have undergone significant redevelopment and regeneration after years of decline. There are many other notable buildings in Liverpool, including the art deco former terminal building of Speke Airport , the University of Liverpool 's Victoria Building , which provided the inspiration for the term Red Brick University , and the Adelphi Hotel , which was in that past considered to be one of the finest hotels anywhere in the world.
Transport in Liverpool is primarily centred on the city's road and rail networks, both of which are extensive and provide links across the United Kingdom.
Liverpool has an extensive local public transport network, which is managed by the Merseyside Passenger Transport Executive , and includes buses, trains and ferries.
Additionally, the city also has an international airport and a major port, both of which provides links to locations outside the country. As a major city, Liverpool has direct road links with many other areas within England.
To the east, the M62 motorway connects Liverpool with Hull and along the route provides links to several large cities, including Manchester , Leeds and Bradford.
The M62 also provides a connection to both the M6 motorway and M1 Motorway , providing indirect links to more distant areas including Birmingham , Sheffield , Preston , London and Nottingham.
Liverpool is served by two separate rail networks. The local rail network is managed and run by Merseyrail and provides links throughout Merseyside and beyond see Local Travel below , while the national network, which is managed by Network Rail , provides Liverpool with connections to major towns and cities across the England.
The city's primary mainline station is Lime Street station , which acts as a terminus for several lines into the city.
Train services from Lime Street provide connections to numerous destinations, including London in 2 hours 8 minutes with Pendolino trains , Birmingham , Newcastle upon Tyne , Manchester, Preston , Leeds , Scarborough , Sheffield , Nottingham and Norwich.
In the south of the city, Liverpool South Parkway provides a connection to the city's airport. In , a new cruise terminal was opened in Liverpool, located alongside the Pier Head in the city centre.
November saw the official opening of Liverpool2 , an extension to the port that allows post-Panamax vessels to dock in Liverpool.
Liverpool John Lennon Airport , which is located in the south of the city, provides Liverpool with direct air connections across the United Kingdom and Europe.
In , the airport handled over 5. The airport is primarily served by low-cost airlines , notably Ryanair and Easyjet , although it does provide additional charter services in the summer.
Liverpool's local rail network is one of the busiest and most extensive in the country. The network consists of three lines: The network is predominantly electric.
Electrification of the City Line was completed in It should be noted that local services on the City Line are operated by Northern rather than Merseyrail, although the line itself remains part of the Merseyrail network.
Within the city centre the majority of the network is underground, with four city centre stations and over 6. Local bus services within and around Liverpool are managed by the Merseyside Passenger Transport Executive more commonly known as Merseytravel  and are run by several different companies, including Arriva and Stagecoach.
The two principal termini for local buses are Queen Square Bus Station located near Lime Street railway station for services north and east of the city, and Liverpool One Bus Station formerly known as Paradise Street Bus Interchange located near the Albert Dock for services to the south and east.
A night bus service also operates on Saturdays providing services from the city centre across Liverpool and Merseyside.
The cross river ferry service in Liverpool, known as the Mersey Ferry , is managed and operated by Merseytravel , with services operating between the Pier Head in Liverpool and both Woodside in Birkenhead and Seacombe in Wallasey.
Services operate at intervals ranging from 20 minutes at peak times, to every hour during the middle of the day and during weekends.
In May , the CityBike hire scheme was launched in the city. The scheme provides access to over 1, bikes stationed at over docking stations across the city.
As with other large cities, Liverpool is an important cultural centre within the United Kingdom, incorporating music, performing arts, museums and art galleries, literature and nightlife amongst others.
In , the cultural heritage of the city was celebrated with the city holding the title of European Capital of Culture , during which time a wide range of cultural celebrations took place in the city, including Go Superlambananas!
Liverpool has also held Europe's largest music and poetry event, the Welsh national Eisteddfod , three times, despite being in England, in , , and Liverpool is most famous as the birthplace of the Beatles and during the s was at the forefront of the Beat Music movement, which would eventually lead to the British Invasion.
The influence of musicians from Liverpool, coupled with other cultural exploits of the time, such as the Liverpool poets , prompted American poet Allen Ginsberg to proclaim that the city was "the centre of consciousness of the human universe".
The city is also home to the oldest surviving professional symphony orchestra in the UK, the Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra , which is based in the Philharmonic Hall.
He not only became a world expert on the etymology of Scouse , but composed the music to Z-cars and the Radio 4 UK Theme. The Mathew Street Festival is an annual street festival that is one of the most important musical events in Liverpool's calendar.
It is Europe's largest free music event and takes place every August. There are numerous music venues located across the city, however the Echo Arena is by far the largest.
Liverpool has more galleries and national museums than any other city in the United Kingdom apart from London.
The FACT centre hosts touring multimedia exhibitions, while the Walker Art Gallery houses one of the most impressive permanent collections of Pre-Raphaelite art in the world.
The Liverpool Biennial festival of arts runs from mid-September to late November and comprises three main sections; the International, The Independents and New Contemporaries although fringe events are timed to coincide.
Felicia was born in Liverpool, a granddaughter of the Venetian consul in that city. Her father's business soon brought the family to Denbighshire in North Wales, where she spent her youth.
They made their home near Abergele and St. Asaph Flintshire , and it is clear that she came to regard herself as Welsh by adoption, later referring to Wales as "Land of my childhood, my home and my dead".
Her first poems, dedicated to the Prince of Wales , were published in Liverpool in , when she was only fourteen, arousing the interest of Percy Bysshe Shelley , who briefly corresponded with her.
Daniel Defoe , after visiting the city, described it, as "one of the wonders of Britain in his "'Tour through England and Wales. Largely autobiographical, the middle sections of the book are set in Liverpool and describe the young merchantman's wanderings, and his reflections.
Of all the poets who are connected with Liverpool, perhaps the greatest is Constantine P. Cavafy , a twentieth-century Greek cultural icon, although he was born in Alexandria.
From a wealthy family, his father had business interests in Egypt, London and Liverpool. After his father's death, Cavafy's mother brought him in at the age of nine to Liverpool where he spent part of his childhood being educated.
He lived first in Balmoral Road, then when the family firm crashed, he lived in poorer circumstances in Huskisson Street. After his father died in , Cavafy and his family settled for a while in Liverpool.
In , his family faced financial problems due to the Long Depression of , so, by , they had to move back to Alexandria. Her Benny , a novel telling the tragic story of Liverpool street urchins in the s, written by Methodist preacher Silas K.
Hocking , was a best-seller and the first book to sell a million copies in the author's lifetime. The writer, docker and political activist George Garrett was born in Secombe , on the Wirral Peninsula in and was brought up in Liverpool's South end, around Park Road, the son of a fierce Liverpool—Irish Catholic mother and a staunch 'Orange' stevedore father.
In the s and s his organisation within the Seamen's Vigilance Committees, unemployed demonstrations, and hunger marches from Liverpool became part of a wider cultural force.
He spoke at reconciliation meetings in sectarian Liverpool, and helped found the Unity Theatre in the s as part of the Popular Front against the rise of fascism, particularly its echoes in the Spanish Civil War.
Garrett died in The novelist and playwright James Hanley — was born in Kirkdale , Liverpool, in not Dublin , nor as he generally implied to a working-class family.
The Furys is first in a sequence of five loosely autobiographical novels about working-class life in Liverpool.
She was primarily known for her works of psychological fiction , often set among the English working classes. Bainbridge won the Whitbread Awards prize for best novel in and and was nominated five times for the Booker Prize.
The Times newspaper named Bainbridge among their list of "The 50 greatest British writers since ". Farrell was born in Liverpool in but left at the outbreak of war in However, his career ended when he drowned in Ireland in at the age of During the late s the city became well known for the Liverpool poets , who include Roger McGough and the late Adrian Henri.
Liverpool has produced several noted writers of horror fiction, often set on Merseyside — Ramsey Campbell , Clive Barker and Peter Atkins among them.
Liverpool also has a history of performing arts, reflected in several annual theatre festivals such as the Liverpool Shakespeare Festival which takes place inside Liverpool Cathedral and in the adjacent historic St James' Gardens every summer, The Everyword Festival of new theatre writing, the only one of its kind in the country,  Physical Fest, an international festival of physical theatre, organised by Tmesis,  the annual festivals run by John Moores University Drama department and LIPA, and by the number of theatres in the city.
The Everyman and Playhouse are now both part of one company, and both houses produce their own work as well as receiving touring productions.
Liverpool has a thriving and varied nightlife, with the majority of the city's late night bars, pubs, nightclubs, live music venues and comedy clubs being located in a number of distinct districts.
Another popular nightlife destination in the city centre is Mathew Street and the Gay Quarter , located close to the city's commercial district, this area is famed for The Cavern Club alongside numerous gay bars including Garlands and G-Bar.
In Liverpool primary and secondary education is available in various forms supported by the state including secular, Church of England , Jewish , and Roman Catholic.
Islamic education is available at primary level, but there is no secondary provision. One of Liverpool's important early schools was The Liverpool Blue Coat School ; founded in as a charitable school.
Edward's College situated in the West Derby area of the city. Historic grammar schools, such as the Liverpool Institute High School and Liverpool Collegiate School , closed in the s are still remembered as centres of academic excellence.
Liverpool has three universities: In , became part of the federal Victoria University. Following a Royal Charter and Act of Parliament in , it became an independent university, the University of Liverpool, with the right to confer its own degrees.
It was the first university to offer degrees in biochemistry, architecture, civic design, veterinary science, oceanography and social science.
Liverpool Hope University , which was formed through the merger of three colleges, the earliest of which was founded in , gained university status in It is the only ecumenical university in Europe.
The Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine , founded to address some of the problems created by trade, continues today as a post-graduate school affiliated with the University of Liverpool and houses an anti-venom repository.
Liverpool John Moores University was previously a polytechnic , and gained status in It is named in honour of Sir John Moores , one of the founders of the Littlewoods football pools and retail group, who was a major benefactor.
The institution was previously owned and run by Liverpool City Council. It traces it lineage to the Liverpool Mechanics Institute , opened in , making it by this measure England's third-oldest university.
The city has one further education colleges, Liverpool Community College in the city centre. The City of Liverpool is the most successful footballing city in England.
Football is the most popular sport in the city, home to Everton F. The clubs both compete in the Premier League , of which they are founding members, and contest the Merseyside Derby , dubbed the 'friendly derby' despite there having been more sending-offs in this fixture than any other.
However, unlike many other derbies, it is not rare for families in the city to contain supporters of both clubs. The City of Liverpool is the only one in England to have staged top division football every single season since the formation of the Football League in , and both of the city's clubs play in high-capacity stadiums.
Boxing is massively popular in Liverpool. The city also boasts a consistently strong amateur contingent which is highlighted by Liverpool being the most represented city on the GB Boxing team, as well as at the London Olympics , the most notable Liverpool amateur fighters include; George Turpin , Tony Willis , Robin Reid and David Price who have all medalled at the Olympic Games.
Boxing events are usually hosted at the Echo Arena and Liverpool Olympia within the city, although the former home of Liverpool boxing was the renowned Liverpool Stadium.
Aintree is home to the world's most famous steeple-chase, the John Smith's Grand National which takes place annually in early April.
In , the National became the first horse race to be televised in high-definition in the UK. It also hosted the Walker Cup in Breck Park also hosted boxing bouts and both Stanley and Seaforth hosted Motorcycle speedway.
In August , Liverpool gymnast Beth Tweddle won an Olympic bronze medal in London in the uneven bars at her third Olympic Games , thus becoming the most decorated British gymnast in history.
Park Road Gymnastics Centre provides training to a high level. Liverpool has produced several famous swimmers who have gone on to represent their nation at major championships such as the Olympic Games.
The most notable of which is Steve Parry who claimed a bronze medal at the Athens Olympics in the m butterfly. There is a purpose-built aquatics centre at Wavertree Sports Park , which opened in Previously this had been held at Calderstones Park , situated in Allerton in the south of the city.
Professional basketball came to the city in with the entry of Everton Tigers, now known as Mersey Tigers , into the elite British Basketball League. The club was originally associated with Everton F.
After the —10 season, Everton F. Liverpool is one of three cities which still host the traditional sport of British baseball and it hosts the annual England-Wales international match every two years, alternating with Cardiff and Newport.
Liverpool Trojans are the oldest existing baseball club in the UK. A study of UK fitness centres found that, of the top 20 UK urban areas, Liverpool had the highest number of leisure and sports centres per capita, with 4.
Liverpool have played at Anfield since , when the club was formed to occupy the stadium following Everton's departure due to a dispute with their landlord.
Liverpool are still playing there years later, although the ground has been completely rebuilt since the s. The Spion Kop rebuilt as an all-seater stand in —95 was the most famous part of the ground, gaining cult status across the world due to the songs and celebrations of the many fans who packed onto its terraces.
Anfield is classified as a 4 Star UEFA Elite Stadium with capacity for 54, spectators in comfort, and is a distinctive landmark in an area filled with smaller and older buildings.
Liverpool club also has a multimillion-pound youth training facility called The Academy. Goodison Park was the first major football stadium built in England.
Molineux Wolves' ground had been opened three years earlier but was still relatively undeveloped. James's Park, Newcastle, opened in , was little more than a field.
Only Scotland had more advanced grounds. Rangers opened Ibrox in , while Celtic Park was officially inaugurated at the same time as Goodison Park.
But instead of a match the 12, crowd saw a short athletics meeting followed by a selection of music and a fireworks display. Everton's first game there was on 2 September when they beat Bolton 4—2.
It now has the capacity for just under 40, spectators all-seated, but the last expansion took place in when a new goal-end stand gave the stadium an all-seater capacity.
The Main Stand dates back to the s, while the other two stands are refurbished pre-Second World War structures. Everton are currently looking to relocate.
The club have had previously raised the subject before in , and in were forced to scrap plans for a 55,seat stadium at King's Dock due to financial reasons and also Destination Kirkby to move just beyond Liverpool's council boundary in Kirkby.
The latest plan is currently being drawn up to move to nearby Bramley-Moore Dock on Liverpool's waterfront . Made in Liverpool is a local television station serving Liverpool City Region and surrounding areas.
The station is owned and operated by Made Television Ltd and forms part of a group of eight local TV stations.
It broadcasts from studios and offices in Liverpool. In , the Television company opened a new newsroom in the Royal Liver Building.
Granada's regional news broadcasts were produced at the Albert Dock News Centre during the s and s. ITV's daily magazine programme This Morning was famously broadcast from studios at Albert Dock until , when production was moved to London.
Granada's short-lived shopping channel "Shop! It also produces the soap opera Hollyoaks , which was formerly filmed in Chester and began on Channel 4 in The city has one daily newspaper: The Liverpool Daily Post was also published until The UK's first online only weekly newspaper called Southport Reporter Southport and Mersey Reporter , is also one of the many other news outlets that covers the city.
The last three are located in Radio City Tower which, along with the two cathedrals, dominates the city's skyline.
The independent media organisation Indymedia also covers Liverpool, while Nerve magazine publishes articles and reviews of cultural events.
Liverpool has also featured in films;  see List of films set in Liverpool for some of them. Liverpool is twinned  with:. Liverpool has friendship links without formal constitution  with the following cities:.
The first overseas consulate of the United States was opened in Liverpool in , and it remained operational for almost two centuries.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the English city. For the football club, see Liverpool F.
For other uses, see Liverpool disambiguation. City and Metropolitan borough in England, United Kingdom. History of Liverpool and Timeline of Liverpool.
This article needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. List of Parliamentary constituencies on Merseyside.
North West Green Belt. List of tallest buildings and structures in Liverpool and List of public art in Liverpool. Music of Liverpool , Beat music , and Culture of Liverpool.
List of schools in Liverpool. List of people from Merseyside and List of bands and artists from Merseyside. This section needs additional citations for verification.
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